Uganda National Gene bank

AT THE PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES CENTRE 

Uganda has a rich diversity of crops and a good landrace collection is maintained at the National Gene bank.
In the National Genebank, seeds of species that can be dried to very low moisture content and kept under frozen conditions (referred to as orthodox seeds) are stored in freezers at -20°C. Under such conditions the seed can stay alive for up to 50 years. At the National Genebank over 5000 accessions are being conserved in both the active (short term storage 5°C) and base (long term storage -20°C) collections. The Genebank ensures that seed placed in storage are of the highest quality and achieve maximum longevity. The seed are occasionally regenerated to ensure their genetic integrity is maintained.

Species whose seed cannot survive desiccation and very low temperature levels (referred to as recalcitrant) and are conserved in the Botanic gardens as live collections. The germplasm held is available for different users on request.

Documentation and Information Networks for Plant Genetic Resources
PGRC has developed data capture forms as a step towards organized documentation, and in addition utilizes the online SESTO Genebank data management tool for public access of information on stored and conserved material. The Centre spearheaded the development of the National Information Sharing Mechanism of PGRFA in Uganda. This exercise involved gathering and assembling PGR information from national agricultural institutions for purposes of updating the 1996 country report on the status of the PGRFA in Uganda.

Sesto is a regional information data management tool used for storing the Uganda National Genebank  data accessible at http://www.196.201.148.95/sesto  or East African Plant Genetic Resources Network or PDF

Crop groups documented

Cereals

Vegetables

Fruits

Legumes

Gum

Grass

Peal millet

Okra

Garcinia buchananii

Bambara nut

Gum arabic

 

Sorghum

Pigeon pea

Carissa edulis

Groundnuts

   

Sesame

Chick pea

Eriosema shirense

Cotton

   

Rice

Spider plant

Parinari curatellifolia

     

Quinoa

Amaranthus

Landolphia dawei

     

finger millet

Eggplant

Rhus vulgaris

     

 

Following the adoption of the Second Global Plan of Action (Second GPA) on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFA) by the FAO Council in November 2011, the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (Commission) adopted at its 14th and 15th Regular Session a list of 63 indicators and a reporting format for monitoring the implementation of the Second GPA. At the same time, the Commission agreed that countries will complete the Second GPA monitoring process and report to FAO through the new version of WIEWS, which now integrates the databases of the National Information Sharing Mechanisms on PGRFA. The information on the status of Uganda’s PGRFA is available at http://www.fao.org/pgrfa/. This also included data on all stored collections in the Uganda National Genebank under priority activity of EX SITU CONSERVATION; (6.2) Sustaining and expanding ex situ conservation of germplasm

 Multilateral System species declaration

A total of seven hundred and sixty (760) accessions have been confirmed as materials that are automatically in the multilateral system. These materials can be accessed from the Uganda National Genebank and they comprise:

Twenty three accessions of pearl millet; 

Sixty four accessions of sorghum ; 

Four hundred twenty nine accessions of finger millet; 

One hundred fifty one accessions of wild relatives of millets; 

Ninety three accessions of common beans 

 

 

Following the adoption of the Second Global Plan of Action (Second GPA) on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFA) by the FAO Council in November 2011, the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (Commission) adopted at its 14th and 15th Regular Session a list of 63 indicators and a reporting format for monitoring the implementation of the Second GPA. At the same time, the Commission agreed that countries will complete the Second GPA monitoring process and report to FAO through the new version of WIEWS, which now integrates the databases of the National Information Sharing Mechanisms on PGRFA. The information on the status of Uganda’s PGRFA is available at http://www.fao.org/pgrfa/. This also included data on all stored collections in the Uganda National Genebank under priority activity of EX SITU CONSERVATION; (6.2) Sustaining and expanding ex situ conservation of germplasm

 

Multilateral System species declaration

A total of seven hundred and sixty (760) accessions have been confirmed as materials that are automatically in the multilateral system. These materials can be accessed from the Uganda National Genebank and they comprise:

  • Twenty three accessions of pearl millet;
  • Sixty four accessions of sorghum ;
  • Four hundred twenty nine accessions of finger millet;
  • One hundred fifty one accessions of wild relatives of millets;
  • Ninety three accessions of common beans

 

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